Q: What is a private school?
(or non-public) schools fall into two categories in Ohio: chartered and non-chartered. The majority of private schools are
considered a “chartered” private school, the school must apply for and receive a
charter from the State Board of Education. To receive a charter, the school must
meet certain requirements adopted by the State Board of Education, including a
requirement that the school comply with the Operating Standards for Ohio
Schools. Chartered private schools consist of schools that are both sectarian
and non-sectarian. A “sectarian” school is one that is affiliated with a
“sect,” which is most commonly a religious organization. (Note: A “chartered
private school” should not be confused with a “community school,” which is sometimes
referred to a “charter school” in Ohio.)
A community school is publicly funded, but is granted some flexibility
with regard to public school rules and regulations
Q: How are private schools funded?
A: Chartered private schools do not receive
per-pupil foundation payments from the Ohio Department of Education or real
estate tax revenues. For this reason, private schools are largely funded privately
and students usually pay tuition. Chartered private schools may, however,
receive reimbursement from the Ohio Department of Education for mandated services
and certain administrative costs. Private schools may receive federal funding
for providing special education services and other education-related
Q: Must private school teachers be licensed?
A: Yes. Chartered private school teachers are required to comply with all
of the Ohio Department of Education’s certification and licensing
Q: What are the testing requirements for private school students?
A: Chartered private school students
must take annual standardized tests and the Ohio
Graduation Test (OGT). Other state tests are optional.
Q: Is transportation provided to private schools?
A: The public school that serves as a
student’s home district must provide transportation to the chartered private
school as long as the student lives more than two miles from the private school
and the private school is less than 30 minutes away from the public school that
the student would have attended.
schools may provide payments in lieu of transportation if it deems the transportation
to be impractical. Public schools are only required to provide transportation
for chartered private school students in grades K-8, unless the public school
already provides transportation for its own high school students. If that is
the case, the public school must provide such transportation to high school
students in its district who attend private schools.
Q: What is a non-chartered private school?
A: A non-chartered private school is one
that has not sought a charter from the State Board of Education, usually because
of truly held religious beliefs. Because
such schools are not chartered by the State Board of Education, no assistance
is provided by the state or by public school districts. Also, colleges,
universities and employers have discretion in deciding whether to accept
credits, graduation credentials or a diploma issued by a non-chartered school.
This “Law You Can Use” column was provided by the Ohio State
Bar Association. It was prepared by attorney Mark A. Weiker of the Columbus
firm Means, Bichimer, Burkholder & Baker Co., LPA. Articles appearing in
this column are intended to provide broad, general information about the law.
Before applying this information to a specific legal problem, readers are urged
to seek advice from an attorney.
Labels: education, private school, public school